End of Semester Recap Same-Sex Marriage

A) My Topic:

My topic for the this semester was same-sex marriage and homosexuality. I did not focus on just one aspect of same-sex marriage, or homosexuality, but viewed various viewpoints and conceptions about the topics. I reviewed the legal, social, religious, and political issues associated with same-sex marriage and homosexuality, as well as discussing how we, as a society, can help put an end to homophobic discrimination.

B) My Essays:

My first essay was a definitional argument. It focused on the social, legal, and religious barriers that same-sex couples and homosexuals face in today’s society. I pulled many statistics throughout the essay to back up my statements. I also used person opinions periodically, as well as religious quotes from the Bible. My second essay was an ethical argument. It focused mainly on the marriage and religion aspects of homosexuality among today’s society. I used mostly Bible quotes throughout this piece to back up my writing. I also included my survey among this piece. I defined the purpose of marriage, according to the Bible, and proved how homosexual couples are very similar to heterosexual couples. My third essay focused on how we, as a nation, and a society as a whole, could begin to understand and overcome homophobia and homophobic discrimination. I spoke of the four main actions one could take to help better our society, which included; personal actions, political actions, spiritual actions, and educating our youth on the subject. By understanding homophobia and discrimination, one can begin to overcome it. My writing process was inspired by the current issues occurring across the United States regarding the LGBTQIA community. I was inspired to educate those who were unaware of the struggles homosexuals faced daily. I wanted to spread awareness and show what struggles homosexuals have faced in the past, and present.


C) My Research Methods:

My research process was actually extremely stressful, because it was difficult to find pieces that were not biased. I looked for new articles surrounding my topic on a daily basis. I enjoyed the topic I chose, and wanted to gain as much knowledge and information that I could. I spent a lot of time in databases, but I focused mainly on news articles and statistical sheets. I ran a survey among the Facebook Community, which was interesting to watch. I talked to other individuals as well regarding my topic, and they gave me a few resources to use.

D) Sources:

Source 1

Source 2

Source 3

Final Details and Observation:

I learned so much information regarding same-sex marriage and homosexuality among the United States. The information actually intrigued me and inspired me to further my research to find out what struggles homosexuals face among other nations. I learned many legal aspects of same-sex marriage that I was not previously aware of, as well as religious issues. My perspective stayed the same throughout my research and writing process, simply because I support same-sex marriage and believe anyone should be able to marry those who they love.

Pre-Write SSM Essay 3

For my third and final essay, I plan to propose multiple solutions to end the discrimination against same-sex couples and homosexuals. Although the majority of the legal issues regarding same-sex marriage have been resolved over the past few years, same-sex couples are still facing daily discrimination in today’s society. The legal issues regarding same-sex marriage were resolved with the Supreme Court’s ruling for the legalization of same-sex marriage. However, many states are battling against the Supreme Court’s ruling, because it is a federal law, and each state can alter it in which ever way they want. Same-sex couples did gain the right to marry, however they still face social issues among society, such as discrimination. I plan to propose multiple solutions to end the discrimination against same-sex couples and homosexuals in my final essay.


To avoid repetition among my final essay, I plan to focus mainly on the social issues regarding same-sex marriage, versus the legal issues. In my previous essays I had a brief overview of the issues among same-sex couples and marriage, as well as the issues regarding same-sex couples and religion. I plan to use social examples, such as discrimination and homophobia, and ways to end, and change, them, versus what is currently going on and has happened in the past.

I am currently using a free writing (pre-writing) approach to my final essay. I prefer to write my essays out on paper, and add as I go. I then transfer my work onto a digital document, and go from there.

A right delayed is a right denied

Same-Sex Marriage Visual Argument


The two photographs shown above visually represent and support the argument against same-sex marriage. I chose these two photos, out of the hundreds of thousands that were listed and posted among social media sites and the internet, because these photographs stood out and spoke to me. The two photos were taken at same-sex marriage rallies. These photographs visually represent the struggle same-sex couples faced prior to the Supreme Court’s ruling on same-sex marriage.

The first photograph states, “We the People…that means ALL of us!” To me, this is a valid argument supporting same-sex marriage. It demonstrates that everyone should be treated equally, because we are all members and citizens of the United States of America, aka the “land of the free.” This photograph stood out to me because it shows how “the people” of the United States are actually not treated equally, at all. Each member of society is treated differently, due to their skin color, sexual orientation, etc. However, when regarding the Constitution, it does state “We the People,” in which every citizen is counted as a person. Each citizen deserves equal rights, because we were all created equally. In the United States, same-sex couples were being denied the right to marry, which was a right granted to “ALL” citizens of the United States.

This photograph is a strong, valid, visual argument supporting same-sex marriage and showing the difficulties and inequalities same-sex couples and homosexuals face daily, simply because of their sexual orientation.

The second photograph states, “I didn’t ask her to ‘civil union’ me.” This photograph also caught my eye and spoke out to me. If this photograph does not sum up the struggle of inequality among same-sex couples, I do not know what does. This is a perfect, visual example of how a civil union is NOT the same as a marriage. One example of how a civil union differs from a marriage is that although a civil union provides the same protection as a marriage, it is only available at the state level, not federal. A civil union also does not transfer from state to state. The sign shows that when asking to marry someone, one does not say, “Will you civil union me?” They say, “Will you marry me?” It visually represents the struggle same-sex couples faced prior to the Supreme Court ruling, and that there IS a difference between a civil union and a marriage.

In both photographs, the signs were hand made by protestors supporting same-sex marriage. Just because the two in the photographs support same-sex marriage, but not mean they are homosexuals, which is a common assumption in today’s society (that one who protests MUST be a homosexual). However, one does not know the sexual orientation of those in the photographs. Regardless of whether the two are members of the LGBTQIA community or just simply allies, it does not matter. They are protesting and fighting for equal rights that every member and citizen of the United States deserves and are entitled to. The intended audience for these signs are for everyone among society, specifically statesmen and court justices who do not recognize same-sex marriage. The photographs represents the struggle and inequalities same-sex couples faced each and every day of their lives, prior to the Supreme Court ruling. Although same-sex marriage is now legal among the United States, same-sex couples still face daily ridicule and discrimination, simply because of their sexual orientation.

Essay 2: Ethical Argument SSM

For my second essay, I chose to write an ethical argument piece. Ethics, to me, is the ideas about good and bad, right and wrong, behavior. I am going to discuss the morals and ethics associated with same-sex marriage, such as religious views, as well as theological, social, and moral arguments. To some, same-sex marriage is a sensitive topic, however it is largely discussed and debated in today’s society. Many people are either for or against same-sex marriage, however some are borderline for or against. I plan on finding the reasoning behind one’s views and beliefs as well.

The prewriting approach I chose to use was outlining and free-writing. I prefer to use bullet points on my topic to stay organized and to make sure I discuss everything listed and do not forget anything. For my primary research, I plan to use a survey, created by myself, to gain ethical and moral information  about my topic, as well as online research.


REISMAN-BRILL, JOAN. “The Ethical Dilemma: What to Say to the Anti-Gay TheHumanist.com.” TheHumanistcom. TheHumanist, 14 Mar. 2014. Web. 22 Mar. 2016.

Benson, Rob. “Ethical Arguments against Same-sex Marriage Laws.” – Opinion – ABC Religion & Ethics (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). ABC Religion and Ethics, n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2016.

Annotated Bibliography-Same-Sex Marriage

Brianna Fisher

Citation Format: MLA

Berman, Mark. “Federal Marriage Benefits Now Available to Same-sex Couples Nationwide.” Washington Post. The Washington Post, 9 July 2015. Web. 24 Feb. 2016.

This article focused in on the federal marriage benefits that would become available to same-sex couples if same-sex marriage was legalized. The author discusses that same-sex couples are not receiving the same benefits as heterosexual couples among the United States. Berman stated that over 1000 benefits, rights, and protections were being denied to same-sex couples. With same-sex marriage being legalized, couples would now receive equal benefits and rights across the nation. I used the article for the statistics and examples of benefits same-sex couples would now be able to receive.

Chittal, Nisha. “Judges Chip Away at Florida Gay Marriage Ban.” Msnbc.com. NBC News Digital, 26 July 2014. Web. 24 Feb. 2016.

The article focused on the legal issue of denying same-sex couples equal rights. Chittal stated that with same-sex couples being denied equal rights, they were being discriminated against. A Florida judge spoke out on the issue and stated that banning same-sex marriage only served to hurt and discriminate against the gay community. The judge ruled Florida’s same-sex marriage ban unconstitutional in 2014 and wanted to put a stop to the discrimination against the gay community. I used the article for the legal issue of equal rights and to have quotes from state officials on the issue.


The sources I listed above are two new sources, one from a newspaper article and another from a news site. The first article discusses the federal benefits that now available to same-sex couples. The article lists all the benefits that same-sex couples were once denied, but are now available to them. The statistics listed in the article were eye-opening. The second article focused in on one judge’s views on same-sex marriage. The Florida judge ruled out the ban on same-sex marriage and stated that having a ban on same-sex marriage was unconstitutional. Both of the articles focused on the legal views and issues of same-sex marriage. Doing an extended amount of research was important, especially for my topic, because there are many different beliefs, stances, laws, and regulations regarding same-sex marriage, and each one differs from one another for a variety  of reasons. Doing background information also helps in the writing process, because it gives you different views and ideas other than your own. For me, doing research has helped me drastically. I enjoy viewing others opinions on real-world issues and including it in my papers.

Same-Sex Marriage

In the article, “The Price of Gay Marriage,” written by Timothy Stewart-Winter, a journalist for the New York Times, the author discusses the timeline of the gay rights  movement. Stewart-Winter draws in the readers attention by focusing in on the most recent Supreme Court ruling regarding the legalization and recognition of same-sex marriages across the United States. After giving a brief overview of the topic, the author moves back in time and discusses the continuous struggles homosexuals faced throughout time. This he calls, was the price to pay of being a homosexual. Stewart-Winter discusses that after Massachusetts legalized same-sex marriage in 2003, a large number of referendums began banning such unions across the nation. Stewart-Winter also tells the reader that the movement originally began after World War II, and has been an ongoing battle. The author states that until recently, most gay victories were won only on a local or state level. Although homosexuals can now marry and fight for their country, they face constant discrimination in their everyday lives. Stewart-Winters recalls that many of the undergraduate students he teaches hardly remember a time when same-sex marriage was unthinkable. In today’s society, it is now becoming a social norm, even though it is not a widely accepted concept.

In the article, “Gay Marriage Should Not Be Made Legal,” written by Ryan Normandin, a opinion editor for the Tech, the editor discuses a compelling argument as to why he believes same-sex marriage should not be legal. Mind you, this article was published five years ago, when the debate against same-sex marriage was at its peak. The author states in the beginning of his article that when one is against gay marriage, it is automatically assumed that the reason reason rests solely on the basis of hate and homophobia. Normandin argues that for some, that may simply be the case, but there are other underlying reasons behind one’s opinions and views. The author argues that just because one does not have the same marriage rights as heterosexuals, they do still have other shared rights. Normandin argues that states have laws regulating marriage against other groups, such as families marrying within families. Normandin also argues that same-sex couples are unable to procreate, meaning that there is no compelling argument or interest to subsidize their marriages. The author argues that same-sex marriage is not a civil rights issues, but a question of whether or not there is enough evidence and interest for the government to encourage and subsidize gay marriage. Unfortunately for Normandin, the government found enough interest on the issue and legalized same-sex marriage a few years later.

The articles, “The Price of Gay Marriage,” and, “Gay Marriage Should Not Be Made Legal,” are two completely different perspectives on the same exact issue. In the first article, the author discusses the price homosexuals have had to pay throughout time, due to the inequalities, whereas in the second article, the author states that homosexuals should not have the right to marry and/or be recognized. Homosexuals have come a long way in their fight for justice over the past few decades. In most scenarios, the younger generation is more open and supportive of same-sex marriages, whereas the older generation seems to be a bit more timid on the subject. Each author gives reasoning behind their statements to help the reader further understand the truth of the issue. Regardless of the side one takes, the articles are compelling and give excellent examples of why one would be either for or against same-sex marriage, as well as the struggles and regulations homosexuals have battled along the way.

Same-Sex Marriage Controversy

The topic I have chosen to discuss is same-sex marriage. Same-sex marriage, also known as gay marriage, is the legal union between partners of the same sex. Same-sex marriage has been a controversial issue in the United States for the past several decades. However, there has been a dramatic shift in recent years in Americans’ attitudes towards same-sex marriage. Support for same-sex marriage has risen from 37% in 2009 to 57% in 2015. Same-sex marriage was also made legal in all fifty states  due to the U.S. Supreme Court ruling in June 2015. Although same-sex marriage is legal across the United States, it is still an ongoing debate. Men and women continue to argue for or against same-sex marriage to this very day.

The arguments against same-sex marriage vary, and consist solely one’s opinion. Some believe that marriage is a traditional institution and should only be between a man and a woman, is for procreation, and is against one’s religion. In most cases, the arguments against gay marriage area result of one not being comfortable with the idea or feeling that same-sex marriage offends their religion. Others take the opposite stand on the issue and support same-sex marriage, believing that one should not be denied the option to marry solely because of their sexual orientation, as it is discriminatory. Those who support same-sex marriage also believe that same-sex couples should have access to the same benefits enjoyed by those in heterosexual marriages. Over the course of the past decade, the concept of a traditional marriage has changed as well. The younger generations tend to be more supportive of same-sex marriage than those in the previous generation. I believe that all humans, regardless of their sexual orientation, deserve to be treated equally among the United States.